You may have heard of wildlife photography, food photography, fashion photography and many more but have you heard of scientific photography, documentary photography and so on? If not, then keep reading for more interesting types of photography. 

There are more than sixty four types of photography in which some of the most known are:- 

1.) Food photography 

2.) Wildlife photography 

3.) Fashion photography

4.) Sports photography 

5.) Product photography 

6.) Wedding photography 

7.) Event photography 

And so on…

But there exist some genres of photography which are not known by many of us. Let’s explore those genres together!

 1. Astrophotography:-

Astrophotography is photography of astronomical objects like the Moon. Besides being able to capture astronomical objects, it is also about capturing those objects which are invisible to the human eye like dim stars through long exposures. It also includes time lapse photography.


Fig: Foreground in astro photography (Reference: Google)


Fig: Time lapse astro photography (Reference: Google)

 The most basic setups for this kind of photography are standard cameras and photographic lenses mounted in a fixed position or on a tripod. Sometimes the foreground or landscape objects are also included in the shot.  Exposure times must be under a minute to avoid having the star’s point image become an elongated line due to the Earth’s rotation. 

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Fig: Basic setup (Copyright: Bigstock)

What equipment should you use for astrophotography? 

Though any Dslr camera or mirrorless camera could be used, there are also specialized cameras for astrophotography.

The key to selecting the best camera for this type of photography is to get features that are ideal for:-

1.) Low-light situations

2.) Wide shutter speed range

3.)High ISO values 

4.) Full-frame camera

5.) CMOS or CCD sensor

6.) High dynamic range

7.) Higher megapixel count

Some of the best cameras for astrophotography:-

1.) Canon EOS 6D mark II digital slr camera body

2.) Sony A7S II ILCE7SM2/B 12.2 MP e-mount camera

3.) Nikon D7500 dx-format digital slr

4.) Canon EOS rebel T6 digital slr camera

5.) Nikon D500 dx-format digital slr

2. Infrared photography:-

It is one of the least known genres of photography. It means basically capturing the invisible world. The human eye can see wavelengths from about 400nm-700nm. Infrared is the light beyond 700nm. It has a wavelength just greater than that of the red end of the visible light spectrum but less than that of microwaves.

Infrared - Wikipedia

Fig: Infrared image (Reference: Google)

Infrared photography produces very different effects which is aesthetic. One effect is ‘WOOD EFFECT’ where leaves reflect light giving them a bright white look. This was named after the photographer Robert W. Wood, who is considered the father of infrared photography.

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Fig: Wood effect (Reference: Google)

This type of photography is used to diagnose disease in field crops, and forests, to determine water flow patterns in irrigated fields, to find ore deposits, predicting volcanic eruptions and “hidden” lava flows, census of herd wildlife for management, and on and on and on.

3.War photography:-

War photography is about capturing armed conflicts and its effects on people and places. This photography was invented to capture the events of war to create awareness among people. Photographers of this genre may place themselves in harmful situations and may get killed also. 

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Fig: War photography (Reference: Google)

4. Documentary photography:-

Documentary photography is all about conveying a message or telling a story through your photograph. Sometimes the message shown in the photograph is so striking that the viewers connect to it emotionally. These photographs are not directed rather the real event is unfolded. The events could be about day to day struggle or related to history. Unlike photojournalism- which focuses on breaking news, documentary photography focuses on ongoing issues. 

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Fig: Message conveyed through documentary photography (Reference: Google)

What is the role played by documentary photographers? 

Their main area of focus is on people, places and events. Unlike other kinds of photograph documentary photographs are not manipulated or they do not contain unusual angles, creative lighting, special effects or staged poses. These photographs contain real stories. 

What are the opportunities for documentary photographers? 

Humanitarian organizations and agencies offer grants to documentary photographers whose work is centered on social justice issues. Social foundations awards photography projects designed to trigger public involvement. Awards or grants by social foundations offer documentary photographers to build their reputation. 

5. Architecture photography:- 

Architecture photography focuses on capturing buildings (exterior and interior). It also focuses on bridges and other structures and cityscapes. Architecture photography is also known as building photography or structure photography.  In many ways, architecture is like “urban landscape” photography.

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Fig: Building photography (Credits: Marc-Olivier Jodoin)

Illustrative photography images - CHP - Architectural Photography 

Fig: Interior architecture photography (Reference: Google)

How to Photograph Architecture: The Complete Guide

Fig: Exterior architecture photography (Reference: Google)

Tips for architecture photography:-

1.) Use a tripod when capturing buildings. This will help to take sharp photos. 

2.) Great time to shoot the exterior of the buildings is “Blue Hour”.

3.) Best way to have a sharp focus is by clicking in manual focus mode and using live view.

4.) Wide angle lens and a full frame camera make a great combination for architecture photography. 

5.) Wide angle lenses create distortions in photographs. Using tilt- shift lens would help to correct this distortion. 

Architectural Photography Tutorial

Fig: Tilt- shift lens used to correct distortion (Creator: Nasim Mansurov)(Copyright © Nasim Mansurov)


6. Scientific photography:-

Scientific photographers use photo imaging techniques, such as infrared, ultraviolet or thermal imaging, to take pictures that illustrate or record scientific or medical data like photos of particle colliders or the space station.

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Fig: Microphobic scientific photography (Reference: Google)

 The job skill required for this kind of photography is strong interest in science, attention to detail, creativity, photographic techniques, and knowledge of physics, optics, and photographic principles. Scientific photographers usually have an associate’s, Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts degree in scientific photography or a related field. 

7. Aerial photography:- 

Aerial photography is basically capturing from high- altitude from aircrafts, planes or helicopters. In this kind of photography we capture the Earth’s surface or features of its atmosphere or hydrosphere with cameras mounted on aircraft, rockets, or Earth-orbiting satellites and other spacecraft.

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Fig: Aerial photography (Reference: Google)

 Like the other genres of photography, aerial photography also has its different uses. Aerial photography remains an important application of remote sensing, with a sophisticated range of cameras being used to collect information on:-

1.) Geology

2.) Land use

3.)Agricultural management

4.) Forestry

5.)Water pollution

6.) Natural disasters

7.) Urban planning

8.) Wildlife management

What is the equipment to use?

1.) Mast; a pole almost 23m high with six telescopic sections made up of aluminum of aircraft-grade.

2). Vehicle; this is always needed for this kind of photography with a trained driver.

3.) Camera; highly telescopic cameras which are of very high megapixels.

4.) Remote control camera; this is necessary to control the zoom of the camera, ISO, shutter speed and aperture.


After going through this article, you must have increased your knowledge about the unexplored fields of photography. These were only a few among them. There are many more that you should know. I personally feel that not all genres of photography are for entertainment purposes, some are for awareness also. Do not limit yourself to the popular ones…


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